The following list of Confederate, United States and Great Britain Patents during the period of 1855 until 1879 is by no means complete. It is listed here as a starting point for those interested in the technical details of military ordnance.

Selected Confederate Ordnance Patents

Most of the Confederate Patent records were believed to be destroyed
by fire on or around April 2, 1865 when Richmond, Va., was evacuated.

CS Patent Number

Date

Patentee

Item Patented

1909/03/1861James Hill Harkut
[Correct is Carkeet]
Manufacture of Cannon
2309/19/1861
(could be 09/29/1861)
Ed GotthielPercussion fuses
3510/15/1861Daniel OswaltBreech-loading cannon
6101/08/1862J. Nichols and J. Bennett, assignors to F. SmithSubmarine Battery
7001/07/1862R. ArcherPercussion Fuse
8403/21/1862Charles E. Stuart, J.C. Owing and J.H.C. TaylorInstrument for Sighting Cannon
9205/01/1862C.A. McEvoyFuse
9305/23/1862C.A. McEvoyFuse
10609/25/1862Lucien HopsonProjectile
10909/29/1862J. A. LeToudalInstrument for leveling cannon
11310/11/1862William S. WinfieldProjectile
12111/08/1862 (*11/05/1862)D.R. WilliamsBreech Loading Cannon
12311/15/1862C.A. McEvoyFuse
12511/20/1862M. BridgesBreech Loading Cannon
13212/30/1862Joseph A. YatesMachinery for Traversing Guns
13301/03/1863Alonzo C. ChinnProjectile
13501/07/1863C.A. McEvoyFuze
14301/26/1863R.H. BarrettProjectile
16004/15/1863Thomas H. BaconProjectile
16805/04/1863F.D. LeeSpar Torpedo
17405/25/1863William Le Roy BrowneFuze
17606/05/1863Isidor P. GirardyFuze
17806/10/1863Asa GeorgeRevolving Fire Arm
18207/15/1863Albert Bloomer, assignor to W.N. SmithFuze Gauge and Cutter
18507/22/1863Phillip E. LoveProjectile
18708/05/1863A. BarbarinTorpedo
19108/22/1863H. ConnerProjectile
19208/22/1863H. ConnerBreech loading cannon
19708/31/1863Robert Creuzbaur (*Creugbaur)Torpedo
19809/21/1863Z. McDanielTorpedo
20009/15/1863E.C. SingerTorpedo
20209/21/1863Z. McDanielTorpedo
20309/24/1863B.H. WashingtonMachine for Casting Friction Tubes
21110/25/1863 (*10/28/1863)C. WilliamsSubmarine Apparatus
21310/31/1863B.H. WashingtonMachine for Cutting and Serrating Friction Wire
21411/05/1863B.H. WashingtonMachine for Finishing Cannon
21811/23/1863B.H. WashingtonMachine for Casting Cannon
22301/06/1864R.H.S. ThompsonProjectile
22601/27/1864John ScottProjectile
23102/26/1864C.E. Smart, Owings, and TaylorInstruments for Fixing Sights to
Cannon
23202/29/1864George W. PowellBreech loading cannon
23603/30/1864J.C. Patton and E. CuthbertTorpedoes
24505/20/1864A. BarbarinTorpedo
24807/11/1864William MoonClock Torpedo
25308/25/1864James D. LaytonProjectile
25509/06/1864C. WilliamsTorpedo
25609/07/1864C. WilliamsTorpedo
25710/05/1864Richard M. HarveyTorpedo
26010/26/1864J.C. PattonTorpedo
26211/10/1864D.M. Somers and H. DabneyProjectile

* precedes an alternate version in CSA Patent Office Reports

 Selected United States Patents

US Patent Number

Date

Patentee

Item Patented

1257403/20/1855William M.B. HartleyMaking Hollow Shot
1279505/01/1855Eben Hoyt, Jr.Projectile
1280105/01/1855Wilderich Jos. Von KammerhueberProjectile
1281005/08/1855Philip BaconBlasting Fuze
1313806/26/1855Abraham Powell, Jr.Shell Fuze
1346908/21/1855Augustus McBurthShell
1367910/16/1855Andrew HotchkissProjectile
1379911/13/1855Sylvanus SawyerShell
1413301/22/1856William W. HubbellShell
1431502/26/1856Charles T. JamesType I - Projectile
1446003/18/1856John LippincottShell-Fuze
1450303/25/1856William W. HubbellShell
1474204/22/1856Thomas SmithProjectile
1557708/19/1856Nathan ScholfieldBomb-Lance
1576009/23/1856A.M. GeorgeShell
1599910/28/1856John B. Read - PatentProjectile
1607611/11/1856William TaggartProjectile
1675303/03/1857Malcom ShawProjectile
1675503/03/1857John M. SigourneyProjectile
1731205/19/1857Christopher C. BrandBomb-Lance
1740705/26/1857Rufus SibleyBomb-Lance
1788607/28/1857John L. McConnelProjectile
1793508/04/1857Theodore T.S. LaidleyProjectile For Rifled Cannon
1804908/25/1857Theodore T.S. LaidleyProjectile For Rifled Cannon
1840110/13/1857James H. MerrillProjectile
1842410/13/1857Samuel DriverShell
1856811/10/1857Henry BatesBomb Lance
1870711/24/1857John B. ReadProjectile
1886612/15/1857Nathan ScholfieldShell-Fuze
1950503/02/1858William W. HubbellShell
2177310/12/1858Lorenzo B. OlmstedShell
2346804/05/1859J. Burrows HydeProjectile
2353805/12/1859William H. ArnoldProjectile
2437106/14/1859Robert BrownBomb-Lance
2595111/01/1859John W. CochranProjectile
2596711/01/1859John HolroydProjectile
2601611/08/1859John W. CochranProjectile
2601711/08/1859John W. CochranProjectile
2633712/06/1859John W. CochranShell
2690401/24/1860William W. HubbellShell
2724502/21/1860Benedict SwainShell
2808405/01/1860William W. HubbellProjectile
2927207/24/1860Benjamin B. HotchkissProjectile
2957308/14/1860Cranston & BatesBomb-Lance
2999509/11/1860William RiceShell
3012309/25/1860John W. CochranProjectile
3109901/15/1861S.C. AbbotShell
3229305/14/1861Benjamin B. HotchkissProjectile
3268907/02/1861John GaultProjectile
3270207/02/1861James McIntyreShell
3298608/06/1861John A. DahlgrenProjectile
3308908/20/1861William F. KetchumShell
3309908/20/1861Robert P. ParrottProjectile
3310008/20/1861Robert P. ParrottProjectile
3337810/01/1861Charles F. BrownShell
3349510/15/1861John P. SchenklShell Fuze
3354110/22/1861Anthony PfundProjectile
3366211/05/1861Robert P. ParrottShell-Fuze
3371811/12/1861Isaac P. TiceProjectile
3374611/19/1861Elisha MattesonProjectile
3375411/19/1861Addison M. SawyerProjectile
3383512/03/1861G.W. GardnerShell-Fuze
3386312/03/1861James A. WoodburyProjectile
3403112/24/1861Charles H. SayreProjectile
3404012/24/1861Sylvanus SawyerFuze-Hood
3405801/07/1862Benjamin B. HotchkissShell
3405901/07/1862William W. HubbellShell-Fuze
3409101/07/1862B.S. Alexander ProjectileFor Rifled Ordnance
3420601/21/1862Obadiah HopkinsDefending Redoubts
3420701/21/1862Charles T. JamesProjectile
3423301/28/1862Thomas K. AndersonSlow Match
3424201/28/1862Connel & HallShell
3426801/28/1862John P. RollinsShell
3428501/28/1862David M. MeffordProjectile
3430202/04/1862George C. JonesShell Ordnance
3449302/25/1862William H. HavensProjectile
3459603/04/1862Charles W. SmallProjectile
3460203/04/1862Elmer TownsendShell
3462603/11/1862Alfred B. ElyProjectile
3462803/11/1862John GaultProjectile
3468503/18/1862John M. HathawayShell
3469303/18/1862Terrence F. ReillyProjectile
3478803/25/1862Smith & StetsonShell-Fuze
3479803/25/1862Morris S. WickershamShell
3495004/15/1862Charles T. JamesProjectile
3496504/15/1862Charles T. JamesProjectile
3497904/15/1862Christian PetersShell
3510304/29/1862Mansfield, Morse & MansfieldProjectile
3515305/06/1862Benjamin B. HotchkissShell
3527705/13/1862Charles W. IsbellShell
3550306/10/1862William E. BrowneShell
3552006/10/1862Houghton & DenisonShell
3552106/10/1862Charles T. JamesType II Projectile
3554406/10/1862Michael RitnerSabot For Projectiles
3558706/17/1862A.B. CooleyProjectile
3559306/17/1862John J. DresbackShell-Fuze
3561106/17/1862Benjamin B. HotchkissShell-Fuze
3565906/17/1862Alfred BerneyImproved Composition For Filling
3573406/24/1862John GaultProjectile
3579507/01/1862Robert WeirMarine Torpedo
3582407/08/1862J.L. HenryProjectile For Rifled Ordnance
3582507/08/1862William W. HubbellProjectile For Rifled Ordnance
3589707/15/1862John P. SchenklShell-Fuze
3596507/22/1862Woodbury & GraySabot For Projectiles
3597707/22/1862Roys & LilliendahlRocket
3600107/29/1862T. Goodrem & C. JacksonProjectile
3603707/29/1862Benjamin F. SturtevantShell-Fuze
3603807/29/1862Benjamin F. SturtevantShell-Fuze
3603907/29/1862Benjamin F. SturtevantShell-Fuze
3611608/05/1862Benjamin F. SturtevantProjectile
3613208/12/1862John AbsterdamCoating Projectiles
3617208/12/1862Sylvanus & Addison SawyerShell-Fuze
3623608/19/1862John P. SchenklShell Fuze
3629508/26/1862William W. HanesShell
3632909/02/1862Francis AlgerShell-Fuze
3644909/16/1862William BoekelProjectile
3646509/16/1862Benjamin B. HotchkissShell-Fuze
3646809/16/1862William KingsleyShell-Fuze
3655309/30/1862Francis AlgerShell-Fuze
3656609/30/1862William W. HubbellConcussion Fuze For Shells
3666410/14/1862James McIntyreShell
3668610/14/1862Mills L. CallenderShell
3677310/28/1862A.H. EmeryProjectile
3680610/28/1862W.S. SmootShell-Fuze
3682010/28/1862Smith GroomExplosive Canister Shot
3685811/04/1862William F. RipponShell
3687911/04/1862J.N. BirdIndia Rubber Wad For Projectiles
3693411/11/1862Alfred BerneyShell
3695911/18/1862Henry K. KenyonRotating Projectile
3720012/16/1862Samuel R. RussellShell-Fuze
3726012/23/1862Wilson H. SmithProjectile
3727201/06/1863William BoekelMolding Ordnance
3727501/06/1863John W. CochranPercussion Fuze
3735201/06/1863Henry F. MannProjectile
3736101/06/1863Michael RitnerSabots And Wads
3752001/27/1863Horace ResleyShell
3755701/27/1863Charles W. StaffordProjectile
3756502/03/1863James M. ConnelShell
3756602/03/1863James M. ConnelShell
3766102/10/1863Louis D. GerardinShell
3767502/17/1863John W. CochranShell-Fuze
3775602/24/1863Benjamin B. HotchkissShell-Fuze
3777102/24/1863Charles PerleyRocket
3783003/03/1863John J. SchillingerShell-Fuze
3789103/17/1863John B. AtwaterProjectile
3790603/17/1863A.H. EmeryProjectile
3794003/17/1863Pascal PlantRocket
3797903/24/1863Benjamin S. RobertsProjectile
3832204/28/1863Willis E. MooreCartridge
3835204/28/1863George WrightCasting Fuzes
3835904/28/1863C.W. Smith, G.H. Babcock, & B.B. & C.A. HotchkissShell-Fuze
3842405/05/1863Levi ShortImproved Composition For Filling Shells
3844105/05/1863Loftis WoodShell
3849105/12/1863Job JohnsonShell
3869905/26/1863Addison M. SawyerIgniting Time Fuze For Shells
3879706/02/1863J.L. HenryShell-Fuze
3899406/23/1863Isaac P. TiceShell-Fuze
3903306/30/1863Chase & ToyBlasting Fuze
3911207/07/1863Alfred BerneyProjectile
3917907/07/1863Charles W. StaffordSabot For Projectiles
3918007/07/1863Charles W. StaffordProjectile
3921607/14/1863Horace E. DimickProjectile
3925407/14/1863Thomas HardingShell
3926707/21/1863Francis AlgerShell-Fuze
3928207/21/1863George P. GansterProjectile
3936907/28/1863Clifford ArickProjectile
3942708/04/1863Charles W. StaffordShell
3959308/18/1863Joseph N. SmithElongated Projectile For Firearms
3961208/18/1863Mills L. CallenderMarine Torpedo
3963608/25/1863George H. FeltSignal Rocket
3968208/25/1863John P. SchenklShell-Fuze
3974609/01/1863Jonathan P. PerryExplosive Compound For Shells
3985809/08/1863Solomon D. WollisonApparatus For Throwing Projectiles
3989709/15/1863Patrick S. DevlanImproved Composition For Packing Projectiles
3993009/15/1863Lemuel P. JenksSabot For Hot Shot
3994009/15/1863William McCordProjectile
3994209/15/1863J. McMurtryProjectile
3997709/15/1863Charles A. WaterburyProjectile
4004109/22/1863J. Burrows HydeRocket
4005409/22/1863William MaginnShell
4009209/29/1863William H. DibbleCartridge
4014209/29/1863Halvor HalvorsonProjectile
4019810/06/1863Charles W. StaffordShell
4035010/20/1863James McIntyreShell-Fuze
4038510/20/1863Owen G. WarrenProjectile
4039610/27/1863Thomas H. BurrowesShell
4046811/03/1863Samuel Gardiner, Jr.Shell
4053811/03/1863Halvor HalvorsonShell
4082812/08/1863A.H. EmeryShell-Fuze
4085612/08/1863Lucius E. ReynoldsProjectile
4088512/08/1863William F. PattersonShell-Fuze
4088812/08/1863Joseph N. SmithShell
4095812/15/1863Daniel E. SomesProjectile
4111201/05/1864James D. WiloughbySubmarine Explosive Projectile
4112701/05/1864Wilson H. SmithProjectile For Rifled Ordnance
4117301/05/1864Gaetano AmiciRocket
4122001/12/1864Henry HelmShell
4157702/09/1864Edward HarrisonImproved Inflammable Composition For Filling Projectiles
4161502/16/1864Ganster & SchuylerShell-Fuze
4166802/23/1864John AbsterdamProjectile
4184403/08/1864Thompson D. HartExplosive Shell
4188203/08/1864William S. WilliamsCanister Shell
4193703/15/1864Robert P. ParrottShell-Fuze
4196003/15/1864Ralph GrahamExplosive Shell
4218504/05/1864George P. GansterShell-Fuze
4226804/12/1864William BoekelProjectile
4236304/19/1864George P. GansterShell-Fuze
4261405/03/1864William S. WilliamsProjectile
4266005/10/1864Benjamin B. HotchkissShell-Fuze
4281805/17/1864John GrovesShell
4301706/07/1864George P. GansterAttaching Sabot To Spherical Projectiles For Ordnance
4302706/07/1864Benjamin B. HotchkissProjectiles For Rifled Ordnance
4302906/07/1864Job JohnsonExplosive Projectile For Ordnance
4380108/09/1864Charles W. SmithShell-Fuze
4383508/16/1864B.C. ConverseProjectile
4392208/23/1864Martin McDevittShell-Fuze
4399308/30/1864Benjamin B. HotchkissShell-Fuze
4402308/30/1864Charles W. StaffordShell-Fuze
4406109/06/1864Clifford ArickShell-Fuze
4435309/20/1864B.H. TrippShell
4454610/04/1864Anson MerrymanShell-Fuze
4458110/04/1864James McIntyreShell-Fuze
4458810/11/1864Clifford ArickShell-Fuze
4466910/11/1864Wilson H. SmithProjectile
4467010/11/1864Wilson H. SmithProjectile
4486111/01/1864William F. GoodwinShell-Fuze
4502111/15/1864John F. CleuProjectile
4502211/15/1864John F. CleuImproved Enameled Projectiles
4502311/15/1864John F. CleuSabot For Projectile
4502411/15/1864John F. CleuShell-Fuze
4503511/15/1864William F. GoodwinShell-Fuze
4512811/22/1864Clifford ArickShell Fuze
4514011/22/1864Chase & ToyBlasting Fuze
4538112/06/1864George WrightShell-Fuze
4546212/13/1864J.L. HenryProjectile
4547412/20/1864John F. CleuCase-Shot
4556712/20/1864Charles W. StaffordSabot For Projectiles
4580601/10/1865John S. AdamsShell-Fuze
4595101/17/1865Frederika SchenklPacking For Projectiles
4598501/24/1865Edwin EstabrookShell
4649002/21/1865Thomas G. OrwigProjectile
4707803/28/1865Clifford ArickProjectile
4721304/11/1865Albert J.S. MolinardProjectile
4754405/02/1865Benjamin B. HotchkissShell
4758605/02/1865Frederic ToggenburgerShell-Fuze
4765105/09/1865H.W. LibbeyShell
4772505/16/1865Benjamin B. HotchkissProjectile
4775405/16/1865Wilson H. SmithProjectile
4777605/16/1865William Wood & John LayMarine Torpedo
4780305/23/1865John A. CurranShell-Fuze
4800505/30/1865Lewis E. WilliamsShell
4816706/13/1865George P. GansterConcussion Fuze For Explosive Shells
4837106/27/1865William CousinsProjectile
4864207/11/1865Henry BartonCompound Explosive Shell
4932608/08/1865Lemuel WellsShell
4977309/05/1865Orazio LugoCartridge
5035710/10/1865Benjamin B. HotchkissProjectile
5053510/17/1865Joseph H. HiscockShell
5069210/31/1865Edward A. DanaSabot For Projectile
5071110/31/1865William W. HubbellShell
5078311/07/1865John AbsterdamCovering Projectiles
5167912/26/1865A. F. & J. H. AndrewsImproved Safety-Fuze
5231401/30/1866Isaac P. NoyesExplosive Shell
5576106/19/1866Lewis W. BroadwellProjectile
5579606/19/1866Samuel H. HaycockProjectile
5671207/31/1866John W. CochranProjectile
5787009/11/1866John Crane & Jesse FoxShell
5878310/16/1866James M. CurrieProjectile
6056712/18/1866Taliaferro P. ShaffnerCharging Shells
6111701/08/1867Thomas TaylorImprovements In Alloys For Sabots Of Projectiles
7249412/24/1867Benjamin B. HotchkissCombined Time And Percussion Fuze For Explosive Shells
7832205/26/1868Pertuiset, Mundel & De FleronIgniting Explosive Projectiles
8228409/22/1868Charles F. BrownProjectile
8271410/06/1868A.O.H. HardensteinExplosive Projectile
8463512/01/1868Jacob LongProjectile
8749803/02/1869R.H. JonesProjectile
8801203/23/1869William A. CobbProjectile
8868904/06/1869John AbsterdamProjectile
9016405/18/1869Thomas D. GibsonProjectile
9163306/22/1869J.W. HillProjectile
9464709/07/1869John D. RichardsProjectile
9513709/21/1869Abiather F. PotterProjectile
9659511/09/1869John JobsonExplosive Projectile
10347705/24/1870Joseph LinkProjectile
10410806/14/1870John G. ButlerProjectile
10790910/04/1870James G. HopeProjectile
10960011/29/1870Ellis DrakeProjectile
11214402/28/1871Benjamin B. HotchkissProjectile
11480705/16/1871Edward C. HancockImprovement In Projectiles
11717207/18/1871Thomas HillImprovement In Projectiles
11931309/26/1871John G. ButlerProjectile
12201412/19/1871J. Henry HelmImproved Projectile & Sabot
12382802/20/1872Samuel E. JonesImprovement In Projectile For Fire Arms
12779606/11/1872John RigneyImprovement In Projectiles
13290311/12/1872Edward A. DanaImprovement In Sub-Caliber Projectiles
13718603/25/1873Ellis DrakeCombined Percussion And Time Fuzes For Shells
13749104/01/1873John T. SennExplosive Shells
13890705/13/1873Frank A. MarkleyCompound Explosive Projectiles
14239409/02/1873James G. HopeProjectiles
16056903/09/1875John G. ButlerProjectile For Ordnance
16157903/30/1875William H. Van GiesonProjectile For Rifled Ordnance
21775607/22/1879Almon L. VarneyProjectile

Selected Ordnance Patents From Great Britain

Abridgments Of Specifications.  Class 9
Ammunition, Torpedoes, Explosives, And Pyrotechnics

Below is a partial listing of the pertinent patents from Great Britain from 1855 until 1866:

Great Britain Patent Number

Date

Patentee

Item Patented

20501/26/1855R. MalletProjectiles, Ordnance
48603/05/1855Andrew HotchkissProjectiles, Ordnance
60403/17/1855Bashley BrittenProjectiles
90304/23/1855Joseph WhitworthOrdnance, Small Arms, And Projectiles
130406/07/1855J.A. ReynoldsProjectiles
174008/01/1855Bashley BrittenProjectiles
241010/29/1855Joseph WhitworthArtillery And Firearms
263011/22/1855Alexandre TolhausenBombs And Other Projectiles
292212/26/1855Sylvanus SawyerProjectiles
138106/10/1856A.V. NewtonProjectiles
143006/17/1856F.C. BakewellProjectiles
153907/01/1856John C. HaddanProjectiles
265611/11/1856J.H. JohnsonProjectiles
83903/25/1857C. Cowper (J.M. Sigourney)Projectiles
101204/09/1857John C. HaddanProjectiles
164506/12/1857Joseph WhitworthOrdnance, Firearms, And Projectiles
36202/24/1858J. HendersonProjectiles
77904/10/1858Sir William George ArmstrongFuzes For Projectiles
232910/19/1858Joseph WhitworthGuns, Gun Carriages, And Ammunition
249711/08/1858William HaleRockets
61103/09/1859Sir William George ArmstrongRifled Ordnance And Its Projectiles
68503/18/1859Sir William George ArmstrongIgniting Explosive Projectiles
195908/29/1859Joseph WhitworthOrdnance, Firearms, And Ammunition
227110/06/1859G.A. SmithProjectiles
227910/06/1859W. BensonProjectiles
251711/04/1859R.A. Brooman (J.W. Cochran)Projectiles
299012/30/1859Joseph WhitworthProjectiles
38402/13/1860John C. HaddanProjectiles
56703/01/1860Bashley BrittenProjectiles
92104/13/1860O. VandenburghProjectiles
157806/29/1860William HaleProjectiles
187208/02/1860John C. HaddanProjectiles
195808/13/1860T. GreenwoodProjectiles
58503/08/1861Bashley BrittenProjectiles For Rifled Ordnance
97104/19/1861John P. SchenklPacking For Projectiles
210408/23/1861Joseph Whitworth & William HulseSights For Small Arms
285211/13/1861Sir William George ArmstrongFuzes For Projectiles
324512/27/1861J. McIntyreProjectiles
51002/25/1862Joseph WhitworthProjectiles
122004/25/1862William HaleRockets
166306/02/1862Joseph WhitworthShells
179806/18/1862John H. JohnsonImprovements In Projectiles
30502/03/1863T.A. Blakely & J. VavasseurProjectiles
48402/21/1863Norman WiardProjectiles
128605/22/1863Theophilus A. BlakelyRifling Guns, Etc.
300512/01/1863E.M. BoxerFuzes For Projectiles
308712/08/1863Theophilus A. BlakelyProjectiles For Ordnance
25701/30/1864John C. HaddanFire-arms, Artillery, And Projectiles
151706/18/1864E.M. BoxerProjectiles
185607/26/1864Bashley BrittenProjectiles
110304/20/1865William HaleRockets
121105/01/1865J. Blackie (T. Taylor)Fuzes For Projectiles
155206/06/1865G. Haseltine (B.B. Hotchkiss)Projectiles
159506/13/1865G. Haseltine (John P. Schenkl)Fuzes For Projectiles
275710/26/1865A. KruppProjectiles
327512/19/1865Charles A. McEvoyFuzes For Projectiles
155506/05/1866Charles A. McEvoyProjectiles; Fuze For Projectiles
203508/07/1866Charles A. McEvoyTorpedoes And Explosive Mines

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